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Salzburg Travel Guide
Salzburg is the fourth-largest city in Austria and the capital of the federal state of Salzburg. Salzburg's "Old Town" (Altstadt) with its world famous baroque architecture is one of the best-preserved city centers north of the Alps, and was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1997. The city is noted for its Alpine setting. Salzburg was the birthplace of 18th-century composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. With three universities, Salzburg is the capital city of the State of Salzburg, and is home to a large student population.
Salzburg is on the banks of the Salzach River, at the northern boundary of the Alps. The mountains to Salzburg's south contrast with the rolling plains to the north. The closest alpine peak—the 1972 m Untersberg—is only a few km from the city center. The Altstadt, or "old town", is dominated by its baroque towers and churches and the massive Festung Hohensalzburg. This area is surrounded by two smaller mountains, the Mönchsberg and Kapuzinerberg, which act as the green lungs of the city.
The city is also the home town of Baroque and on the south side of the river stand a few masterpieces like the Cathedral, the Hohensalzburg Castle, Mirabell Palace and the Residenz Palace. But Salzburg it’s not just Baroque it is also home to one of the world’s most renowned pieces of contemporary architecture, Hangar-7, just outside the city center which houses the museum of aviation, several art exhibitions and numerous gastronomic restaurants, bars and lounges. Even shopping in Salzburg is spectacular. The Europark shopping centre, on the edge of the city has 130 shops for every budget and taste and was designed by award-winning Italian architect Massimiliano Fuksas to provide floods of natural light and to blend in with its environment. The Salzburg Festival is considered one of the most important musical festivals in the world, of course there are plenty of other festivals in the city.